Climbing, mountaineering, is an activity that involves making ascents on steep walls making use of one’s physical and mental strength. Is considered climbing all rise being easy, difficult or impossible (depending on the physical state of the person) with the lower extremities (feet and legs, and in some cases could also get to use the knee, if any wall side) and upper extremities (arms and hands). In climbing there are heights of considerable danger and in order to have security protection equipment is used.
Originally, climbing appears as a derived activity of mountaineering. Then it was considered only as a means of training for mountain tours. It was in the nineteenth century when the activity was born in East Germany (Dresden) and England (Lake District).
Over a century, the material developed at the pace of the activities of climbers and vice versa. The routes of increasing difficulty appeared with the times: 1913, level 5; 1917, level 6; 1970, level 7; 1983, level 8; 1991 Level 9 … The stocks climbing walls from the 1960s gave a real boost to the evolution of the discipline.
Climbing is often considered a risky sport, but should distinguish different practices: climbing is usually practiced with a team that can certainly evolve, but there is a more extreme practice called “free solo” where the climber moves without no security.